Divine Wife of Amun c.754-714 BC.
Shepenopet I was the daughter of King Osorkon III, and held the position of Divine Wife of Amun at Thebes; according to the custom, she was obliged to adopt the daughter of King Kashta (*Amenardis I) as her 'daughter' and successor to this position. By the beginning of the Twenty-fifth Dynasty, the position of God's Wife of Amun had become a tool of great political importance, enabling the king to retain control of Thebes, through the status there of his daughter or other female relative.Originally, this title had been borne by the king's chief wife, but from the Twenty-first Dynasty it was the king's daughter who assumed this position with its extensive power and possessions. She was required to live and die at Thebes and, as the consecrated wife of the god Amun, she was subject to the rule of chastity which also applied to her Court where the women were Amun's concubines, so that they too had to adopt their successors.These Divine Wives of Amun played an important role in later history when their main function was to prevent the seizure of political power at Thebes by a man, who could then rival the pharaoh and cause a division between the northern and southern parts of the kingdom.BIBL. Kitchen, K.A. 3rd Int. Laming Macadam, M.F. The Temples of Kawa. Oxford: 1949, pp. 119 ff.Biographical Dictionary of Ancient Egypt by Rosalie and Antony E. David
Ancient Egypt. A Reference Guide. EdwART. 2011.
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Shepenopet II — see Amenardis I, Montemhet, Nitocris, Piankhy, Psammetichus I, Taharka. Biographical Dictionary of Ancient Egypt by Rosalie and Antony E. David … Ancient Egypt
Amenardis I — (Amonortais) Divine Wife of Amun (740 700 BC). The daughter of King Kashta, the founder of the Twenty fifth Dynasty, Amenardis I was adopted as a daughter by *Shepenopet I, the daughter of Osorkon III. Thus, she became heiress to the title… … Ancient Egypt
Kashta — (fl. c. 750 BC) Nubian ruler. He appears to have gained control over the Theban region at the end of Dynasty 23 and installed his daughter, Amenirdis, as the adopted daughter and heiress of the God’s wife of Amun. See also Alara. Historical … Ancient Egypt
Montemhet — Fourth Prophet of Amun c.680 650 BC. In the later periods of Egypt s history, the role of Divine Wife of Amun was held at Thebes by the king s daughter and was designed to prevent the emergence of a rival to the king. Montemhet (who was the… … Ancient Egypt
Nitocris — 1) Queen 2183 2181 BC. With the death of the aged king *Pepy II, it is probable that there were problems over the succession, and Nitocris briefly took the throne. She was one of only a very few women to become queen regnant, the most famous… … Ancient Egypt
Osorkon III — (reigned c. 777–749 BC) Throne name Usimaatre setepenamun. Epithet siese. Ruler of Dynasty 23. Son of Queen Karomama. He is attested mainly by monuments in Thebes and Middle Egypt. He installed his son, Takelot III, as high priest of Amun in… … Ancient Egypt
Piankhy — (Piye) King 747 716 BC. Piankhy was the ruler of a kingdom which developed to the south of Egypt, with its capital situated at Napata. These people worshipped the Egyptian god Amen Re and preserved many elements of the Egyptian culture of the … Ancient Egypt
Psammetichus I — King 664 610 BC. The Egyptian local princes who had intrigued with *Taharka, the Ethiopian ruler of Egypt, against the *Assyrians were removed to Nineveh. One of these *Necho I, the Prince of Sais and his son Psammetichus were returned to… … Ancient Egypt
Shepenwepe — see Shepenopet I Biographical Dictionary of Ancient Egypt by Rosalie and Antony E. David … Ancient Egypt
Taharka — King 690 664 BC. The brother of Shebitku, *Nubian ruler of Egypt in the Twenty fifth Dynasty, Taharka was summoned with his other brothers from Napata to join Shebitku at Thebes. They came with an army and accompanied Shebitku to Lower Egypt … Ancient Egypt